这篇文章介绍了SQL常用日期查询语句及显示格式设置,文中通过示例代码介绍的非常详细。对大家的学习或工作具有一定的参考借鉴价值,需要的朋友可以参考下

1.查询当前年、月、周相关时间

1.1.查询当前年份

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYY') AS YEAR FROM DUAL--查询当前年份
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYY') AS YEAR FROM DUAL--查询当前年份后两位
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YY') AS YEAR FROM DUAL--查询当前年份最后两位
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'Y') AS YEAR FROM DUAL--查询当前年份最后一位

1.2.查询当前年份第几天

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'DDD') AS DAYS FROM DUAL

1.3.查询当前月份第几天

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'DD') AS DAYS FROM DUAL

1.4.查询当前周的星期几

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'dy') AS WEEK FROM DUAL
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'day') AS WEEK FROM DUAL

1.5.查询当前年的第几天:

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'DDD') AS DAYS FROM DUAL

2.查询当前第几季度

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'Q') AS JD FROM DUAL

3.查询当前在一年内是第几周

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'IW') AS WEEKNUM FROM DUAL
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'WW') AS WEEKNUM FROM DUAL
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'W') AS WEEKNUM FROM DUAL

4.查询当前某年某月有多少天

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SELECT TO_CHAR(last_day(to_date('2019/02/01','YYYY/MM/DD')),'DD') AS MONTH_DAYS_NUMBER FROM DUAL

5.查询当前的日期格式

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYY/MM/DD') AS MONTH FROM DUAL--获取当前日期的'YYYY/MM/DD'格式:2020/01/02
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYYMMDD') AS MONTH FROM DUAL--获取当前日期的'YYYYMMDD'格式:20200102
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYYMMDD HH:MI:SS') AS now FROM DUAL--获取当前时间,精确到秒的12小时制格式:20200102 03:18:25
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYYMMDD HH24:MI:SS') AS now FROM DUAL--获取当前时间,精确到秒24小时制的格式:20200102 15:18:13
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS:PM:DY') AS now FROM DUAL--获取当前时间的格式,显示上、下午和星期几:2020/01/02 15:17:59:下午:星期四

6.查询距离当前时间一段时间间隔的时间,当前时间之前用“-”当前时间之后用“+”

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SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS NOW,TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - INTERVAL '7' second,'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS PAST FROM DUAL --查询当前时间的7秒前时间
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS NOW,TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - INTERVAL '7' minute,'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS PAST FROM DUAL --查询当前时间的7分钟前时间
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS NOW,TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - INTERVAL '7'hour ,'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS PAST FROM DUAL --查询当前时间的7小时前时间
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS NOW,TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - INTERVAL '7'day ,'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS PAST FROM DUAL --查询当前时间的7天前时间
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS NOW,TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - INTERVAL '7'month ,'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS PAST FROM DUAL --查询当前时间的7月前时间
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS NOW,TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - INTERVAL '7'year ,'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS PAST FROM DUAL --查询当前时间的7年前时间
SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS NOW,TO_CHAR(SYSDATE - 8*INTERVAL '7'hour ,'YYYY/MM/DD HH24:MI:SS') AS PAST FROM DUAL --查询当前时间参数年、月、日、时、分、秒乘以一个数字倍数之前的时间

 

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